Economic Strengthening for the Very Poor (ES4VP)
Targeting and Entry Points
Many of poverty, food security and vulnerability tools can be used to target households for inclusion in economic strengthening interventions. Active targeting is an essential part of determining entry points into economic strengthening pathways. But the risk of encouraging stigma and conflict necessitate that targeting be done with apt care. In many communities, for example, targeting people or families affected by HIV/AIDS exposes them to discrimination. Women and child-headed households may be at risk for theft or violence if a community knows their assets are growing. Conflict can break out in any situation in which one group of people feels that they are ‘excluded’ and another ‘included’ unfairly. For these and other reasons, targeting should be based on economic vulnerability and poverty status rather than easily distinguishable vulnerability characteristics.
An important and first component of BRAC’s CFPR/TUP program and CGAP-Ford Foundation Graduation Program is to identify the poorest members of a community by conducting a Participatory Wealth Ranking (PWR). PWR is a participatory poverty assessment method that uses the ratings of local reference groups concerning the relative poverty status of households in their community. Guidance on how to use a PWR can be found here.
The LIFT Project developed a Diagnostic Tool to segment and match clients with ES activities. The tool identifies the most appropriate and feasible ES interventions for clients, linking more vulnerable clients to safety nets and social welfare programs (provision activities) while encouraging less vulnerable ones towards protection and promotion ES activities.