Economic Strengthening for the Very Poor (ES4VP)
Household Analysis and Targeting
The term Household Livelihoods Analysis (HLA) is used to describe comprehensive tools used to paint a picture of how households and communities live day-to-day. An HLA helps to identify and better understand the livelihoods (household sources of income, sources of food, and expenditure patterns) of very poor households, and the major influences (context) that shape them.
Below are several notable HLA tools.
Household Economy Analysis
Household Economy Analysis (HEA) is a toolkit, developed by FEG Consulting and Save The Children (UK) to analyze how people obtain food, non-food goods and services, and how they might respond to changes in their external environment, like a drought or a rise in food prices. HEA tools include livelihood zoning (mapping of areas with similar livelihood strategies), wealth breakdowns (distribution of poverty within a community), and analysis of livelihood strategies (how individuals generate their livelihoods). It then specifies potential problems and their impact at the household level, analyzes the capacity of households to cope with these shocks, and predicts the impacts of these shocks on the household. Findings from an HEA assessment are typically presented for four wealth groups - the ‘very poor’, ‘poor’, ‘middle’ and ‘better off’- that are categorized by the community using local perceptions of wealth. These are normally defined by access to productive assets according to the sustainable livelihoods framework.
Household Livelihood Security Assessment
Household Livelihood Security Assessments (HLSA) is a toolkit for practitioners developed by TANGO International for CARE. Household Livelihood Security is defined as adequate and sustainable access to income and resources to meet basic needs (including adequate access to food, potable water, health facilities, educational opportunities, housing, and time for community participation and social integration). A Household Livelihood Security Assessment (HLSA) is a holistic and multi-disciplinary analysis which recognizes that poor families commonly suffer more than one problem at a time and often have to make significant sacrifices to meet their basic needs. The HLS assessment process aims to enhance understanding about local livelihood systems – livelihoods, economic, sociocultural and political systems and the constraints, vulnerabilities, marginalization, and risks of poor families living within this context – and important differences among types of households and among members within the household.
Underlying Causes of Poverty and Vulnerability
Underlying Causes of Poverty and Vulnerability (UCPV) is an in depth, holistic and comprehensive analysis framework to provide information on the major underlying causes of poverty, vulnerability and marginalization among households in a given context. The analysis aids the design of programs that will go beyond symptoms and will address deeper causes of poverty and social injustice.
Sustainable Livelihoods Framework
The Sustainable Livelihoods Framework (SLF) provides a means of structuring a livelihoods analysis focusing on access to livelihood assets (natural, physical, financial, human, social) by very poor households in their pursuit of livelihood strategies, as well as the vulnerability context, structures (government, private sector) and processes (laws, policies, institutions, culture, norms) that shape those.