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Gender Differences in Remittace Behavior: Evidence from Vietnam Image

Promoting Inclusive Markets and Financial Systems

Gender Differences in Remittace Behavior: Evidence from Vietnam

Gender Differences in Remittace Behavior: Evidence from Vietnam

Summary

This paper uses data drawn from the 2004 Vietnam Migration Survey to investigate the role of gender in remittance behavior among migrants.

The survey interviewed both, migrants and non-migrants, and covered various topics including the migration process, migrants' socioeconomic characteristics and household demographic composition. The survey revealed that:

Women are more likely to remit than men, but men remit a greater amount;
Endowment differences explain the overall gender difference;
Prominent factors that drive endowment differentials relate to head of household status and labor market earnings;
Gender differences in remittances are not due to behavioral differences between men and women;
Both, male and female migrants remit home in response to altruism and insurance needs.
These results have some the following policy implications:

Women exhibit more reliable remittance behavior, suggesting that their contribution to household well-being should not be underestimated;
Women find a relatively large representation among Vietnam’s internal migrants, reflecting emerging employment opportunities for young women;
The larger amounts earned by men leads to questions about gender inequality in the Vietnamese job scene.



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