Promoting Inclusive Markets and Financial Systems
2012 Annual Meeting
The Gender Working Group met this year during the 2012 SEEP Annual Conference. Read the notes from the meeting.
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This paper uses data drawn from the 2004 Vietnam Migration Survey to investigate the role of gender in remittance behavior among migrants.
The survey interviewed both, migrants and non-migrants, and covered various topics including the migration process, migrants' socioeconomic characteristics and household demographic composition. The survey revealed that:
Women are more likely to remit than men, but men remit a greater amount;
Endowment differences explain the overall gender difference;
Prominent factors that drive endowment differentials relate to head of household status and labor market earnings;
Gender differences in remittances are not due to behavioral differences between men and women;
Both, male and female migrants remit home in response to altruism and insurance needs.
These results have some the following policy implications:
Women exhibit more reliable remittance behavior, suggesting that their contribution to household well-being should not be underestimated;
Women find a relatively large representation among Vietnam’s internal migrants, reflecting emerging employment opportunities for young women;
The larger amounts earned by men leads to questions about gender inequality in the Vietnamese job scene.